72NcUvEW.jpgNuclear power engineering in Russia is a full cycle technology, including all stages fromuranium mining to electric power generation.

Currently Russia has 33 power units at 10 operating nuclear power facilities withnet capacity of 23643 MW, 6 nuclear power plants are under construction, and 11 new plants are being developed.

One of the currently designed A-plants isSouth Ural Nuclear Power Plant in Chelyabinsk region. This facility is included in the general power facilities construction plan of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2020.

This power station is to be constructed 140 km north-west of Chelyabinsk, near the town of Ozersk. It will contain four units with pressurized water reactors VVER-1200 with the capacity of 1150 MW each. The projected electric capacity of the future power station is 4,600 megawatts.

Originally the designers had offered several potential sites for building the new South Urals Nuclear Power Plant, including the city of Magnitogorsk,Satkinsky and Trinity areas, but later only two sites were selected, such as the one in the area surrounding the village of Prigorodnyin Kaslinsky municipal district and the village of Metlino. The specialists of the Russian Federal Nuclear Centre justifying the site selection proposed the latter option, despite the claims that the area where the previous nuclear power plant had been situated could not be used again. This area is located entirely within the boundaries of Ozerskmunicipal district. Currently specialists are working on adjusting the facility to the area. The estimated cost of the plant construction is 140 million rubles.

The village of Metlino is located 15 kilometers from Ozersk and is included in Ozersk city district. Near Metlinothere is aninactive construction site of the South Ural Nuclear Power Plant. The construction project, according to which three commercial and research reactors on high-speed neutrons BN-800 were supposed to be built, was started back in 1980s.
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