Chelyabinsk Arbat (Kirov Street).
Kirovka or Chelyabinsk Arbat is a pedestrian street in the center of Chelyabinsk. This place is “trademark” of the city, one of the main attractions and a favorite place for the townspeople. Here one can see monuments of the 19th and 20th centuries and bronze life-sized sculptures of a beggar, a guitarist, Lefty (left-handed craftsman, a character of the similarly named novel by the Russian write Nickolai Leskov) and a shod flea, a policeman, a fire coach and many others. This street is also a place for shopping and recreation, here is the main post office and a monument to the “zero”(datum) mile of the region. Another attraction is a high-rise office building of "Chelyabinsk City".
City Garden (Pushkin’s Park) and Yuri Gagarin’s Park are also popular attractions of the city. When visiting Pushkin’s Park one can walk along beautiful park paths and enjoy fountains, rides and concert halls. Yuri Gagarin’s Park gradually becomes a city forest. The park has many beautiful water pits forming a water maze among pines and granite rocks. The park is near the city zoo with re more than a hundred species of wild animals and birds, including those indicated in the Red Book. Among other animals one can see a polar bear, a snow leopard, Siberian tigers and chimpanzees.
One of most interesting and original attractions is a sculpted landscape composition called Sphere of Love (Sfera Lubvi). Four woody piles coated with copper “bark”, support a huge dome of blue glass. Beneath there is a young man and a girl made of copper flying towards each other. Underneath the two lovers are a small platform and two paths, or rather “streams”of life which merge into one “river”of happy life together.
Scarlet Field (Aloye Pole) is another favorite recreation place for citizens. It is located in the center of Chelyabinsk and has more than a century-longhistory. In the 1880-s here was a fairground ofthe city. In the center of the square there used to be a chapel holdingreligious services in the memory of the great Russian commander Alexander Nevsky. In 1907 a construction of Alexander Nevsky Church began (in honor of Emperor Alexander II), and the area was named Alexandrovskaya Square.
During the events of the first Russian revolution of 1905-1907 the place received the name “Scarlet Field”. Such name is connected with the bloody event which took place in autumn 1905 when a mass labor demonstration at the square was suppressed and many workmen were killed or injured. To commemorate the event, in 1920 the area got the name “Scarlet Field”. During perestroika this place became a venue for mass political rallies.
Another interesting attraction of Chelyabinsk is year-round Ice Palace Uralskaya Molniya namedafter Lydia Skoblikova, six-times Olympic champion and a native of Chelyabinsk. Apart from its special sports function, the Ice Palace is open for public (in the evenings and at the weekends).
This Ice Palace hosts the only Russian museum of skating where one can learn about the history of speed skating in Chelyabinsk, Chelyabinsk region, and Russia, as well as the achievements of Chelyabinsk sportsmen at the Olympics and European and World Championships.
Museums and exhibition halls in Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk Art Gallery was opened in June 1940.
Today the gallery is a classical universal art museum.
The Art Gallery has more than 11,000 pieces of art in its collection - paintings, sculptures, graphic art, crafts and folk art, architectural wood carving of old-time Chelyabinsk. The unique collection of the gallery includesholy icons, early printed books and manuscripts, copper plates and wooden sculptures mostly gathered in the Urals and reflecting the diversity of art traditions of ancient Russia, such as the ones established by the schools in Pskov, Novgorod and the North, as well as Ukraine, the Volga region, the Urals and Siberia, and by Rublev school (the works of the 16th, 17th, 18th,19th and 20thcenturies).
Chelyabinsk Regional Museum
Chelyabinsk Regional Museum was founded in 1923. This is one of the oldest museums in the region and one of the largest repositories of natural science and cultural artifacts of historical and artistic value. The museum fund includes more than 270 thousand items, many of them of national significance.
Chelyabinsk Regional Museum is a unique treasury of historical, cultural and spiritual heritage of the Ural region.
Chelyabinsk Artists’ Union of Russia Exhibit Hall
The Artists’ Union Exhibit Hall was opened in Chelyabinsk in 1980. This is one of Russia's largest exhibition halls designed for art vernissage.
Here is the place where personal, group and thematic exhibitions are held to promote visual arts of the Southern Urals using local art material. The exterior of the hall is of much interest, since it is decorated with three sculptural reliefs personifying painting, sculpture and architecture.
Museum of Ural Arts and Crafts
This museum features the famous crafts of the Urals, such as Kasli and Kusa artistic cast iron, Zlatoust steel engraving, stone cutting and jewelry making, hand embroidery art, clay toys, painted trays, South Ural porcelain.
The museum has a unique collection of Kasli and Kusa artistic casting, showing all stages of its development since the beginning of the 19th century to the present day.
Theatres in Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk State Academic Drama Theatre named after Nahum Orlov
The theatre was officially opened in 1921, but it became famous after World War II.
In 1973, the theatre was headedby Nahum Orlov, one of the most famous directors, People's Artist of Russia. He started a new bright and creative period in theater’s history. In 1986, for its highly creative achievements the theatrereceived the honorary title of “Academic Theatre”. The repertoire of the theatreincludes classic drama works by Russian and foreign writers (M. Gorky, A. Ostrovsky, A. Chekhov, W. Shakespeare, F. Schiller), as well as pieces by contemporary authors.
The theatre troupe features folk and honored artists of Russia.
Chelyabinsk State Drama Chamber Theatre
Founded in 1988, it is one of the youngest in city theaters. The theatre is proud of its successful of cooperation with theatre directors from other Russian cities and foreign directors from Germany, which resulted in such bright performances as Music Lessons by L. Petrushevskaya, Sherochka and Masherocha by N. Kolyada, Dear Pamela by D. Patrick, The Cabal of Hypocrites by M. Bulgakov, Pygmalionby B. Shaw.
The theatre tours a lot. It has become an initiator of the international theatrical festival of “Camerata”, which features artists from various Russian and foreign theaters.
Chelyabinsk State Puppet Theatre
Chelyabinsk Puppet Theatreis one of the oldest theatres in Russia and in the Urals. It was founded in the late 1920-s and became a state theatre in 1935. Each year the theatre became more and more popular.These days it is known both at home and abroad at home, and it is a favorite family recreation place.
Chelyabinsk State Theatre for Young Spectators
Chelyabinsk Theatre for Young Spectators was established in 1965. Currently the repertoire includes classical plays andcontemporary works and performances for family viewing. The performances touch both adults and young viewers.
The theatre is a constant participant and a frequent award winner in various festivals.
Mannequin appeared in 1960s as a student theatreof pop sketches (Russian abbreviation STEM). In 1970s it became a leading stage for the youth alternative theatre art, and starting from the early 1990s it professes the principles of a “theatre for people”.
Chelyabinsk State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre named after M. Glinka